Ford y block timing marks. Timing is set at 3 degrees before tdc idle mixture was set up with a vacuum guage and with the distributor vacuum advance connected to the timed vacuum port on the passenger side. The timing marks for the crank is installed paralell to the ground and facing the steering box. The marks on the y block timing gears aim toward the oil filter side with 12 pins between them.
Then place the cam timing mark exactly 12 pins from the crank mark. They do not face each other like any other small blockbig block ford or chevrolet. Another of the idiosyncrasies in the y block engine series and for some the most challenging is the manner in which the camshaft and crankshaft timing gears are aligned when the timing chain is installed.
The 292 in my old edsel had absolutely no marks on the balancer anywhere. The set up he describes isnt what ive found looking at the timing marks of various late 50s y block fords with a dial back timing light. 1954 to 59 ford tune up oem specifications 239 to 430 cubic inch v8 engines.
Also a light film of breaker point grease should be applied to the eight sided cam or rubbing block when the points are serviced. The damper has been known to move with many years and miles. The ford distributor advance diagram i got out of the 70s service training info matched reality much better sheet two of this thread.
Setting up a ford 312 y block engine is rebuilt and is basically stock except for a 4 barrel edelbrock performer 600cfm carb and pertronix ignition conversion. Two things will correct this time the motor with a vacuum gauge or send the damper to the damper dudes to get it rebuilt. My flathead ford tune up chart says to adjust timing until pinning dissapears for the earlier stuff and y blocks arent too much better.
See images above distributor rotation. Timing a y block can be a bitch. It appears that ford used 2 different thickness thrust washers and plates on the cam.